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Allergy & Asthma care

AllForKids Now Offers Specialized Allergy and Asthma Care for Children and Adults

By appointment only, please call ahead on 0484-645 2772/649 2772 .

Vaccination Services

AllForKids provides all age appropriate vaccinations.

Our Vaccine Reminder service reminds you of upcoming vaccinations by e-mail or SMS.

KidsDoc Monthly Newsletter from AllForKids
July 2008, Vol-1, Issue-7

By Dr. M.Vijayalakshmi M.D(Peds), M.D(USA), FAAP, DAA

 

To learn more about Drinking Water Safety please click the following link to take a quiz at

www.allforkidsindia.com/allforkids/resources/waterquiz.aspx to find out.

Water quality and water borne diseases

It is rainy season again and unfortunately it is the season for water borne diseases. Here is some information which would be useful in understanding common water contaminants, water born diseases and the correct way to purify drinking water. This season also increases the risk for mosquito borne diseases.

Common water borne diseases in India includes:

  • Hepatitis A (vaccine preventable)
  • Typhoid, paratyphoid (vaccine preventable)
  • Gastroenteritis – viral, bacterial and amoebic
  • Cholera

These diseases are caused by bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms which are transmitted through contaminated water. The common bacteria and viruses which are water borne and can cause the diseases above include:

Bacteria including Vibrio cholerae, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, and the diarrheogenic Escherichia coli may be found in contaminated water. They cause diseases including cholera, typhoid and common diarrhea

Viruses: Water-borne viral diseases include rotavirus, polio, hepatitis, and various gastrointestinal diseases.

Protozoa: Water-borne protozoa that cause diseases like Amoebiasis, Giardia and Cryptosporidium.

Other diseases like Dengue, Chickungunya and Malaria, which are transmitted through mosquitoes show an increase during rainy season due to increased mosquito breeding. Fortunately the incidence of Malaria is very rare in Kerala.

Following a few simple precautions mentioned below can help reduce the chances of getting your children affected by many of these diseases:

  • Get your children vaccinated against vaccine preventable diseases like Hepatitis A and Typhoid.
  • Use drinking water from a safe source only. Water from shallow wells, ponds, and hand pumps is not normally safe for drinking unless purified by filtration and/or boiling
  • Wash hands with soap and water before and after eating food and after each visit to the bathroom
  • Avoid eating cut raw foods like fruits & salads from outside unless you are sure that they have been thoroughly cleaned. Vegetables and fruits should be thoroughly washed in clean running water before consumption.
  • Fruit juices from roadside stalls should be avoided.

How to make water safe for drinking:-

During monsoon period it is advisable to take the following additional precautions to purify drinking water.

  • Boiling:-boiling for 20 minutes will destroy most disease causing germs
  • Filtration: Commercially available filtration systems which will purify and provide safe drinking water provided they are maintained and working properly
  • Also protect your children from mosquitoes by installing nets on windows and doors to prevent mosquito borne diseases.

How can injuries to children in motor vehicles be prevented?

References: Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Here are some safety tips for parents when their children is riding in motor vehicles.

  • Child safety seats reduce the risk of death in passenger cars by 71% for infants, and by 54% for toddlers ages 1 to 4 years.
  • There is strong evidence internationally that child safety seat laws, safety seat distribution and education programs, community-wide education and enforcement campaigns are effective in increasing child safety seat use.
  • In the US, seat belt, child restraint systems and back seat use are mandated for children by law
  • The US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration recommends booster seats for children until they are at least 8 years of age or 4'9" tall.
  • For children 4 to 7 years, booster seats reduce injury risk by 59% compared to seat belts alone.
  • All children ages 12 years and younger should ride in the back seat.
  • All children irrespective of age should be restrained by a seat belt or other restraint system as mentioned above
  • It is a common practice in our state to keep children with their mothers in the front seat while the dad drives. This is a very dangerous practice particularly in the newer generation cars with safety air bags. Adults should avoid placing children in front of airbags. Putting children in the back seat eliminates the injury risk of deployed front passenger-side airbags and places children in the safest part of the vehicle in the event of a crash. For small children the air bag deployment is fatal in many cases.
  • Overall, for children less than 16 years, riding in the back seat is associated with a 40% reduction in the risk of serious injury.
  • Tips wouldn’t be complete without a mention about two wheeler safety. Two wheeler is not the safest mode of transport for children. Because of economical and practical considerations we may have to take children on two wheelers, if you do: make sure that they are seated properly with legs to both sides.

Drinking Water

Latest from AllForKids:

AllForKids is proud to be associated with many of the leading schools in the greater Kochi area including Choice School, Global Public School, Chinmaya Vidyalaya, Gregorian Public School, Marthoma Public School and Kochi Refineries School to conduct regular talks to parents and students on relevant subjects including back to school issues (for different age groups), ABCs of raising healthy kids, healthy eating – for different age groups, parenting teens, issues of puberty, dos and don’ts for adolescents, child safety tips and importance of preventive care and vaccinations. Please talk to your school authorities or contact us if you feel these sessions could be of use to your child’s school.


Useful Links

Is any of our your friends or relatives expecting a baby? They may find the ‘Newborn instruction booklet’ at www.allforkidsindia.com/allforkids/resources/newborn.aspx useful. Please feel free to forward this link.


Interested in accessing previous issues of our Newsletter? Please visit the following link. http://www.allforkidsindia.com/Newsletter/newsletter.asp

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Healthy Weight

References : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Visit the following calculators at www.allforkidsindia.com to find your body mass index and ideal body weight:

Calorie balance is like a scale. To remain in balance and maintain your body weight, the calories consumed (from foods) must be balanced by the calories used (in normal body functions, daily activities, and physical activity).

Understanding the Energy Equation

Whether you want to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight, it's important to understand the connection between the calories your body takes in (through the foods you eat and the beverages you drink) and the calories your body uses (through normal body functions, daily activities, and physical activity).

Getting the Most Nutrition out of Your Calories

There is a right number of calories for you to eat each day. This number depends on your age, activity level, and whether you are trying to gain, maintain, or lose weight. You could use up the entire amount on a few high-calorie foods, but chances are, you won’t get the full range of vitamins and nutrients your body needs to be healthy.

Choose the most nutritionally rich foods you can from each food group each day – those packed with vitamins, minerals, fiber, and other nutrients, but lower in calories. Pick foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products more often.

Calorie

Finding Your Balance between Food and Physical Activity

Becoming a healthier you isn't just about eating healthy – it's also about physical activity. Regular physical activity is important for your overall health and fitness. It also helps you control body weight by increasing the calories you expend each day.

  • Be physically active, at a moderate intensity for at least 30 minutes most days of the week.
  • Increasing the intensity or the amount of time that you are physically active can have even greater health benefits and may be needed to control body weight. About 60 minutes a day may be needed to prevent weight gain.
  • Children and teenagers should be physically active 60 minutes every day, or most every day.

Whether you want to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight, it's important to understand the connection between the calories your body takes in (through the foods you eat and the beverages you drink) and the calories your body uses (through normal body functions, daily activities, and physical activity).

Positive Parenting tips : For infants (newborn to 1 year of age)

  • Talk to your baby. It is soothing for the baby to hear your voice.
  • When your baby makes sounds, answer him by repeating and adding words. This will help him learn to use language.
  • Read to your baby. This helps her develop and understand language and sounds.
  • Sing to your baby.
  • Play music. This helps your baby develop a love for music and math.
  • Avoid Television
  • Praise your baby and give him lots of loving attention.
  • Spend time cuddling and holding your baby. This helps her feel cared for and secure.
  • The best time to play with your baby is when he’s alert and relaxed. Watch your baby closely for signs of being tired or fussy so that you can take a break.
  • Take care of yourself physically, mentally, and emotionally. It is easier to enjoy your new baby and be a positive, loving parent when you are feeling good yourself
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Pediatric and Adolescent Clinic
North Fort Gate , Next to Adampilly Kavu Temple , Tripunithura-682301

Phone: 0484-645 2772,Website: www.allforkidsindia.com ,

e-mail: info@allforkidsindia.com